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How is Thunder according to the Al Qur'an & Modern Science ?

By Unknown - January 29, 2018

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
 In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful

١٣  وَيُسَبِّحُ الرَّعْدُ بِحَمْدِهِ وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ مِنْ خِيفَتِهِ وَيُرْسِلُ الصَّوَاعِقَ فَيُصِيبُ بِهَا مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَهُمْ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي اللَّهِ وَهُوَ شَدِيدُ الْمِحَالِ

13  The thunder praises His glory, and so do the angels, in awe of Him. And He sends the thunderbolts, striking with them whomever He wills. Yet they argue about Allah, while He is Tremendous in might.

٤٠  فَعَسَىٰ رَبِّي أَنْ يُؤْتِيَنِ خَيْرًا مِنْ جَنَّتِكَ وَيُرْسِلَ عَلَيْهَا حُسْبَانًا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فَتُصْبِحَ صَعِيدًا زَلَقًا

40  Perhaps my Lord will give me something better than your garden, and release upon it thunderbolts from the sky, so it becomes barren waste.

And in other surrah: QS. Al Baqarah (1): 19; QS. An-Nisa '(4): 153; QS. Fussilat (41): 17; QS, Adh-Dhariyat (51): 44; God calls thunder a punishment to man who does not obey His command, and keeps away from all His restrictions.
There are three terms for flashes of Lightning and Thunder namely Ar Ro'du, Ash Showa'iq and Al Barq. Ar Ro'du is a term for the sound of lightning or thunder. Whereas Ash Showa'iq  and Al Barq are terms for lightning flashes, ie light that appears shortly before the thunder.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyya said, "In hadith marfu '(up to the Prophet Sallallaahu 'Alaihi Wa sallam, pen) on the history of At Tirmidhi and besides, the Prophet Sallallaahu 'Alaihi Wa sallam was asked about ar ro'du, then he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam replied,

مَلَكٌ مِنْ الْمَلَائِكَةِ مُوَكَّلٌ بِالسَّحَابِ مَعَهُ مخاريق مِنْ نَارٍ يَسُوقُ بِهَا السَّحَابَ حَيْثُ شَاءَ اللَّهُ

"Ar ro'du is an angel who is tasked with taking care of the clouds and with him tearing from the fire that moves the cloud according to the will of God."

Then Shaykh Islam Ibn Taymiyya said again, "Ar ro'du is a mashdar (verbs are abandoned) derived from ro'ada, yar'udu, ro'dan (meaning rumble). ... The name of the movement must have caused a sound. Angels are the ones who move (shake) the clouds, then move from one place to another. And every movement in this realm both above (heaven) and below (earth) is from angels.
The human voice is produced from the movement of lips, oral, teeth, tongue, and and throat. From there, man can glorify his Rabb, can invite the good and forbid from munkar. Therefore, ar ro'du (the roar) is a voice that snaps at the clouds. And al barq (flash of lightning) is a water sparkle or a sparkle of light. ... "

According to Islamic teachings: Thunder is not just a natural phenomenon.

Modern scientists have a lot of research on the awesomeness flash light produced by lightning. Lightning like a giant capacitor, the first plate is a cloud that clash with the second plate is the earth. According to Scientists, lightning can also occur from cloud to cloud (intercloud), that is when one cloud is negatively charged and another cloud is positively charged. Lightning happens because there is a potential difference between cloud and earth or with other clouds. (more...)

How is thunder formed?

The air that moves up because of the heat of the sun, carrying water molecules. When the air containing the water molecules rises at an altitude of approximately 3000 meters from the earth's surface, the air is in contact with the cold air at that altitude.
This electrical energy contains a positive element (+) in the top layer of clouds and negative elements (-) in the bottom layer. When the clouds are fully occupied to ionize the air; then lightning is formed. In the movement, the ice crystals formed in the cloud, releasing the static electricity generated by the friction.

Why can it rumble?

Lightning heats the air around it to 30,000 degrees Celsius in a millionth of a second. The heated air extends, and spreads sound waves that are faster than the speed of sound; with a pressure 100 times greater than normal atmospheric pressure. Just as the airplane passes at the speed of sound, this causes an explosion of sound (rumbling) in the air, so it is called a rumble / thunder.

Why does light and thunder not reach the earth at the same time?

This is due to the sound of thunder reaching our hearing at the speed of sound (340 m / sec in the air); while lightning reaches our visual (sight) with the speed of light (99, 793 km / sec). This causes the time difference between the two events, and thus makes the (lightning) flash reach the earth more before the thunder.

What's the difference between lightning and lightning?

When the difference in electric charge becomes larger between earth and cloud, the air becomes more easily penetrated from earth to cloud; the release of electrical energy begins through the conduits formed by the penetrated air. The release of electrical energy from the cloud is called a flash, and the release of electrical energy from the earth is called lightning or turning back.(more...)

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