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Why are bees called reliable architects? (The Qur'anic View of Bees)

By Unknown - January 30, 2018



Bees are a large group of insects known for their cluster life although not all bees have such characteristics. All bees belong to the tribe or family Apidae (order Hymenoptera: insect winged membrane). In the world there are about 20,000 species of bees and can be found on every continent, except Antarctica.

As an insect, it has three pairs of legs and two pairs of wings. Bees make its nest on the hill, on the tree and on the roof of the house. Its nest is built from propolis (glue from the sap of the tree) and the night produced by the young female bees gland is present in its body. Bees eat nectar of flowers and pollen.

How to Live & Tasks

Image result for lebahFemale insects have an important role in this group of insects. The behavior of bees is largely determined by the behavior of the female bees. Some female bees from certain species live alone (solitary) and some are known to have social behavior. The solitary bee builds its own nest and feeds for its descendants without the help of other bees and usually dies or leaves the nest when its keturunnya not become adult bees. Sometimes some solitary bee species feed and nurse their child without providing food reserves for their children, this form of relationship is known as subsosial. While at a higher stage, bees live in groups and share tasks according to their physical form.

In a group (called "colonies") there are three "castes":

  • queen bee, female sex is the mother of all bees in one colony in one colony only one queen bee.
The main task of the queen bee is to lay eggs during her life, female sex, the marriage of queen bee is only once in her life, marriage is done by flying high in the sky in sunny weather and the stud who can chase it will be able to marry the queen bee, died because the testes were loose and embedded in the queen's ovary. Active queen bees are capable of laying approximately 2,000 eggs a day. The queen's food is a honey (royal jelly), the queen bee's life expectancy is three years
  • female bees, known as worker bees the number of worker bees can reach tens of thousands, 30,000 bees and whose superior seeds can reach up to 60,000 bees.

The job of the female worker bee duty is to collect pollen and nectar. Honey is a product of nectar food processing that is vomited back from the body and stored in a honeycomb for food reserve, this honey food is also for larvae and pupa. There are also female bees in charge of cleaning the nest and caring for eggs and bees. The life expectancy of worker bees is three months or fewer. The main food of this worker bee is honey.
Worker bees are formed from fertilized eggs from sperm stored in the ovaries that amount to millions of sperm, the same sex with the queen of bees the difference is the worker bees from the start of the egg drips into larvae and so on the usual honey food while the queen bee ranging from eggs hatch into larvae until the end of his life of honey (royal jelly).

  • bees, number only hundreds of bees.

A bee that collects pollen.
Each caste bee has its own task. The queen bee is only one tail in each colony and guards all the activities of female bees and bees. The chromosome composition is diploid so it can produce offspring. His body is larger because since it was in larval form he was fed royal jelly rich in vitamins and nutrients.

More than 1400 years ago, the Beneficent God has provided us with information, in regard to the bees and its privileges.

The Qur'anic view of Bees

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.

٦٨  وَأَوْحَىٰ رَبُّكَ إِلَى النَّحْلِ أَنِ اتَّخِذِي مِنَ الْجِبَالِ بُيُوتًا وَمِنَ الشَّجَرِ وَمِمَّا يَعْرِشُونَ

68  And your Lord inspired the bee: "Set up hives in the mountains, and in the trees, and in what they construct."

٦٩  ثُمَّ كُلِي مِنْ كُلِّ الثَّمَرَاتِ فَاسْلُكِي سُبُلَ رَبِّكِ ذُلُلًا ۚ يَخْرُجُ مِنْ بُطُونِهَا شَرَابٌ مُخْتَلِفٌ أَلْوَانُهُ فِيهِ شِفَاءٌ لِلنَّاسِ ۗ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

69  Then eat of all the fruits, and go along the pathways of your Lord, with precision. From their bellies emerges a fluid of diverse colors, containing healing for the people. Surely in this is a sign for people who reflect.
QS. An-Nahl (16) : 68-69

Image result for lebah
In addition to honey is very beneficial to human health, bees also have a beautiful nest.
The nest is formed from a hexagonal formation that is repeatedly constructed, so that it is composed into an attractive composition with the right proportions. 

“…and beauty, when the appearance of the work is pleasing and in good taste, and when its members are in due proportion according to correct principles of symmetry.” (Vitruvius : Ten Books on Architecture. Book I. Chapter III.)

According to Vitruvius in his book De Architectura (which is the oldest written source that still exists today), good buildings must have Beauty / Aesthetics (Venustas), Firmity, and Use / Function (Utility); architecture can be said balance and coordination between these three elements, and no one element beyond the other elements. In modern definitions, architecture should include functional, aesthetic, and psychological considerations.

According to mathematicians, the best way to build a storage warehouse with the largest capacity and to use the least amount of building materials is to create a hexagonal-shaped wall.

Another interesting thing about darin honeycomb is when the construction process is done. They begin to build their nest from different points. Hundreds of bees make up their home from three or four different starting points. They continued the arrangement of the building until they met in the middle. There is no mistake at the place where they meet. A perfectly calculating science.

In application to modern architectural buildings, its utility function can be used as an effort to supply the maximum light for a building designed by Ryan Ficher. While the robustness of the honeycomb is applied to The Sinostel skycrapper in which this building relies on the hexagonal formation of the honeycomb as its structure.


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