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The 'Myth' City That Ever Lost Thousands of Years, Then Appears (Vol. 1)

By Unknown - February 03, 2018

The story of Atlantis is the most famous story of the lost city.However, the story of Atlantis is not the only one because some other cultures also have similar legends about the vast area or city that disappeared swallowed waves, buried soil and sand, or swallowed wilderness.

These various cities or lost civilizations are often raised on various literary or media occasions. Quoted from Ancient Origins, Here are the missing cities, but rediscovered :

The Pillars Iram
'Atlantis Desert'

The Atlantis of the Desert is a lost city, tribe, or region that has been mentioned in the Qur'an. He is also known as the Pillars of Iram. In the Qur'an, Iram is said to have magnificent buildings and inhabited by the Ad population. Because they turned away from God, the Prophet Hud was sent to warn them to return to worship and obey God. The Iram people reacted hostilely and did not listen to Hud's words. As a result, legend mentions that Ad was punished and sandstorms covered the city for 7 days and 7 nights. Finally, Iram disappears buried under the sand, as if it never existed.

In the early 1990s, a team led by an amateur archaeologist and filmmaker named Nicholas Clapp announced that he had discovered an ancient city named Ubar which was later identified as the Pillars of Iram.
The findings were made possible by using NASA's long-range imaging satellite, ground penetrating radar, Landsat program data, and a number of images from the Challenger shuttle. All that allows the team to recognize the ancient routes of camel trade and the crossing points of those routes. One of those crossing points is close to the famous water source in Shisr, Dhofar province, Oman.

When the excavations were made on the site, an octagonal fort was erected with tall walls and towering towers. The team announced they had discovered the legendary Pillars of Iram. There are still doubts that Ubar and Iram are one of the same cities, but it is suspected that the story of Iram is actually inspired by the story of Ubar and over time adjusted to bring the message to obey God.

The Lost Helike Town

Helike (/ hɛlɪkiː /; Greek: Ἑλίκη, pronounced [helikɛː], modern Greek pronunciation: [elici]) was an ancient Greek city that was submerged by a tsunami in the winter of 373 BC. It is located in Achaea, northern Peloponnesos, two kilometers (12 stadia) from the Corinthian Gulf and near the city of Boura, which, like Helike, was a member of the Achaean League. Modern research attributes the catastrophe to an earthquake and accompanying tsunami which destroyed and submerged the city. In an effort to protect the site from destruction, the World Monuments Fund included Helike in its 2004 and 2006 List of 100 Most Endangered Sites.

The legendary ancient city of Helike is located in Achaea, northwest of the Peloponnesian peninsula. In its heyday, the city was most prominent among the first Achaea League, the confederation of 12 cities in the region. Because of its position, Helike is an important center for economy, culture and religion. Helike's protector god is Poseidon, the Greek god for the sea and earthquakes. This is not surprising because of Helike's position in one of the most earthquake prone areas in Europe.

Suatua night in winter 373 BC, the city of Helike perish. There are a number of notes about the destruction of the city, such as the appearance of 'big burning poles' and the massive migration of small animals from coast to mountains a few days before the disaster. A large earthquake followed by a large tsunami from Korinth Bay swept the city of Helika from the surface of the Earth. Rescuers who came later found no survivors. Slowly, Helike's location disappeared.

At the beginning of the 19th Century, some speculation about the city's actual site sprang up. However, it was not until 2001 that the city was dug again in Achaea, Greece. By 2012, all of its destructive layers are cleared so that it can be ascertained that this is the city of Helike.

The Lost City Of Heracleion

Heracleion (Greek: Ἡράκλειον), also known as Thonis (Θῶνις), was an ancient Egyptian city located near the Canopic Mouth of the Nile, about 32 km northeast of Alexandria. Its ruins are located in Abu Qir Bay, currently 2.5 km off the coast, under 10 m (30 ft) of water. Its legendary beginnings go back to as early as the 12th century BC, and it is mentioned by ancient Greek historians. Its importance grew during the waning days of the Pharaohs. In the Late Period, it was Egypt's main port for international trade and collection of taxes.

Heracleion was originally built on some adjoining islands in the Nile Delta, and was intersected by canals. It had a number of harbors and anchorages and was the sister city of Naucratis until it was superseded by Alexandria. Heraclion, the site of the coronation temple of Cleopatra, sank into the Mediterranean Sea, off the coast of Egypt in about 1,200 years ago.

The city is one of the important trading centers in the region before it finally collapsed in about a millennium ago. For several centuries, the city was supposedly a myth as well as the city of Atlantis. In 2001, underwater archaeologists searching for a French warship found the drowning city. After clearing the layers of sand and mud, the divers find the underwater city so preserved with so much beauty intact.

Examples of the findings include the main Amun-Gerb temple, the pharaoh's gigantic statues, hundreds of small gods and goddesses, a sphinx, 64 ancient ships, 700 anchors, dozens of coffins, gold coins, and weights of bronze and stone .

Urkesh, the Forgotten City of Hurria

The Hurri Nation (kuneiform Ḫu-ur-ri 𒄷𒌨𒊑) is an ethnic group in the ancient Near East that inhabited North Mesopotamia and its surrounding areas during the Bronze Age. Hurri's most powerful and influential state is the Mitanni empire. The inhabitants of the Hittit Empire in Anatolia many were Hurri's, and there was a great influence of Hurri culture on Hittit mythology. In the Early Iron Age, the Hurroas had mixed with other nations, except perhaps in the kingdom of Urtatu. According to I.M. Diakonoff and S. Starostin, Hurri, Hatti, and Urartu are intertwined with the language of the North East Caucasus.

The Khabur River valley became the center of the land of the Hurri nation for many years. Hurri Kingdom first appeared around the city of Urkesh (Tell Mozan modern) in the third millennium BC. There is evidence that they allied with the Akkadian Empire indicating that they had a strong grip in the area by Naram-Sin's power from Akkad (sek 2254-2218 BC). This area supports other rich cultures (Tell Halaf and Tell Brak). The urban state of Urkesh has some strong neighbors. At a certain point at the beginning of the second millennium BC, the Amorite Mari kingdom in the south conquered and made it his vassal state. In the continuing power struggle over Mesopotamia, another Amoriah dynasty overpowered Mari in the eighth century BC. Shubat-Enlil (Tell Leilan modern), the ancient capital of the Assyrian empire, was established some distance from Urkesh in another Hurri settlement in the valley of the Khabur River.

Not much is known about Urkesh and the mysterious Hurrian civilization because the city was buried under the desert sand for thousands of years and disappeared from the historical record. However, in the 1980s, archaeologists discovered Tell Mozan, a towering mound that concealed palace relics, ancient temples and squares. A decade later, researchers realized that Tell Mozan was Urkesh, a lost city. Some excavations reveal knowledge of the early culture of Hurrians. There is an open square with monumental staircases and a deep underground passage as the 'Path to the Hereafter' relating to religious rituals. A great royal palace provides written proof that allows recognizing the ancient city.

Ancient Babylon

Babylon is the most famous city from ancient Mesopotamia, which is the capital of the kingdom and Babylonian empire, who ruins lie in modern-day Iraq 59 miles (94 kilometres) south west of Baghdad.

Babylon (𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 KAN4.DIĜIR.RAKI Akkadian: Bābili (m); Aramaic: בבל, Babylon: Arabic: بابل, Bābil; Hebrew: בָּבֶל, Bavel; Classical Syriac: ܒܒܠ, Bāwēl) was a key kingdom in ancient Mesopotamia from the 18th to 6th centuries BCE. The city was built on the Euphrates river and divided into the river's seasonal floods. Babylon was originally a small Akkadian town dating from the period of the Akkadian Empire c. 2300 BC.

Babylon, the capital of the Babylonian civilization, the famous ancient kingdom of Mesopotamia, is known for the rule of King Nebuchadnezzar. What makes Babylon known to the world and deserves to be included in this list of lost cities is the 'mysterious treasure' in it, the Hanging Gardens. The main sources of information about Babylon-excavation of the site itself, references in cuneiform texts found elsewhere in Mesopotamia, references in the Holy Qur'an and the Bible.

A partial view of the ruins of Babylon 
from Saddam Hussein's Summer Palace

Today, there are only piles and piles of soil and the effects of the rubble of buildings and bricks in the fertile land of Mesopotamia between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River in Iraq. Historical sources tell us Babion was originally a small town that began to tread at the beginning of the third millennium BC (the seeds were originally dynasties). The city began to shine and became important with the rise of the First Babylonian Dynasty. It is a Babylonian holy city and less than 2300 BC became the center of the New Babylonian Empire from 612 BC. The Hanging Gardens of Babylonia once entered the ranks of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Related Article :

Islamic Teachings on the Existence of Civilization: the Past, the pre-History, and the Ancient

The 'Myth' City That Ever Lost Thousands of Years, Then Appears (Vol. 2)

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