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Various Advanced Ancient Technologies

By Unknown - February 02, 2018

Various discoveries by archaeologists from time to time show things beyond human estimates today.
During this time, if we learn history science, we always define that ancient or ancient life is still backward and layman of technology. But in reality technology has been there and so very advanced Or maybe there is more advanced than technology and science today. Various Ancient Technologies Ancient Times, which was found by archaeologists among alain are:

Battery Baghdad
The Baghdad Battery or Parthian Battery is a set of three artifacts which are found together: a ceramic pot, a tube of copper, and a rod of iron. It was discovered in modern Khujut Wednesday, Iraq, close to the metropolis of Ctesiphon, the capital of the Parthian (150 BC - 223 AD) and Sasanian (224-650 AD) empires, and it is considered to date from either of these periods .

Its origin and purpose remain unclear,  and further evidence is needed to explain its purpose. It was hypothesized by some scientists that the object functioned as a galvanic cell, possibly used for electroplating, or some kind of electrotherapy, but there is no electrogilded object known from this period. An alternative explanation is that it is functioned as a storage vessel for sacred scrolls. (more..)

The Antikythera Mechanism
The Antikythera Mechanism is a mechanical calculator that is believed to be one of the forerunners of mechanical computers in the world. It was discovered (not created) by archaeologist Valerios Stais in 1901 on a shipwreck off the coast of Antikythera, an island between Crete and Peloponnesos, Greece.

This tool is traced to the age of its use through the findings of coins that are also found in the wreck. There are coins from Pergamon, predicted created between 86 and 67 BC, and coins from Ephesus, created between 70 BC and 60 BC. This means the ship sank between 70 and 60 BC. This device is the most complex device known in antiquity. New in the 14th century humans have the knowledge to build similar devices.

This tool consists of a series of gears that work together like those found in mechanical clocks. There are three big buttons and one small button that also complete this tool. Through mathematical models, it is known that the tool can be used to calculate the position of the sun, moon, and possibly some planets. This allows the use of the device as a calendar. Its function as a calendar can be used for purposes like the following :
  • As the solar calendar for the determination of day and month, such as the use of zodiac in the Babylonian society.
  • As the solar calendar for the determination of the moon.
  • As a determination of when the solar and lunar eclipses occur periodically.
  • As a determination of the years of inter-Greek sports festivities (now known as the Olympics).
( more...)

Out-of-place artifact
Out-of-place artifact (OOPArt) is a term coined by American zoolog and cryptoololog Ivan T. Sanderson for historic objects found in unfit / unlikely contexts when calculated with modern science today. Out-of-place artifacts also have meaning : an artifact of historical, archaeological, or paleontological interest found in an unusual context, that challenges conventional historical chronology by being "too advanced" for the level of civilization that existed at the time, or showing "human presence" before humans were known to exist.

The term is rarely used by historians or scientists. Its use is largely confined to cryptozoologists, proponents of ancient astronaut theories, Young Earth creationists, and paranormal enthusiasts. The term is used to describe a variety of objects, from anomalies studied by mainstream science and pseudoarchaeology far beyond the mainstream to objects that have been shown to be hoaxes or to have mundane explanations.

Critics argue that most purported interpretation, wishful thinking, or a mistaken belief that a particular culture could not have created an artifact or technology due to a lack of knowledge or materials. In some cases, the uncertainty results from inaccurate descriptions. For example: the Wolfsegg Iron was said to be a perfect cube, but in fact it is not; the Klerksdorp spheres were said to be perfect spheres, but they are not; and the Iron pillar of Delhi was said to be "rust proof", but it has some rust near its base.

Supporters regard OOPArts as evidence that mainstream science is overlooking huge areas of knowledge, either willfully or through ignorance. Many writers or researchers who questioned the conventional views of human history have used OOPArts in attempts to bolster their arguments. Creation science relies on allegedly anomalous finds in the archaeological record to challenge scientific chronologies and models of human evolution. Claimed OOPArts has been used to support religious descriptions of pre-history, ancient astronaut theories, and the notion of vanished civilizations that possessed knowledge or technology more advanced than that of modern times. (more..)

Piri Reis Map
The Piri Reis map is a world map compiled in 1513 from military intelligence by the Ottoman admiral and cartographer Piri Reis (pronounced [piɾi ɾeis]). Approximately one third of the map survives; it shows the western coasts of Europe and North Africa and the coast of Brazil with reasonable accuracy. Various Atlantic islands, including the Azores and Canary Islands, are depicted, as is the mythical island of Antilles and possibly Japan.

The map of the exploratory importance of Christopher Columbus, otherwise lost, as a source. Piri also noted that he had used Arabic and Portuguese maps. More recently, the map has been the focus of pseudo-historical claims for the pre-modern exploration of the Antarctic coast.

The map is the extant western third of a world map drawn on gazelle skin parchment, with dimensions variously reported as 90 cm × 63 cm, 86 cm × 60 cm, 90 cm × 65 cm, 85 cm × 60 cm, 87 cm × 63 cm, and 86 cm × 62 cm. These discrepancies are largely due to the damaged corner. The surviving portion primarily details the western coast of Africa and the eastern coast of South America. The map was signed by Piri Reis, an Ottoman-Turkish admiral, geographer and cartographer, and dated to the month of Muharram in the Islamic year 919 AH, equivalent to 1513 AD. It was presented to Ottoman Sultan Selim I in 1517. In the map's legend, Piri inscribed that the map was based on about twenty charts and mappae mundi. According to Piri, these maps include eight Ptolemaic maps, an Arabic map of India, four newly drawn Portuguese maps from Sindh, and a map by Christopher Columbus of the western lands. (more...)

The natural nuclear reactor in Gabon
The natural nuclear reactor was one of the discoveries in geology found in 1972. At that time, at the Pierrelatte nuclear fuel processing facility, French scientist Bougzigues was working on a routine analysis of uranium that had been extracted from uranium seeds. then he noticed something strange from the uranium seeds he studied.

Uranium has three isotopes that have different atomic mass with different proportions, namely: U 238 99.274%, U 235 as much as 0.720% and U 234 as much as 0.005%.

Uranium-235 is the most sought after uranium in the world for its ability to withstand nuclear and uranium reactions that are used in modern nuclear reactors. Wherever on earth, uranium 235 atoms make up 0.720 percent of total uranium. But the sample held by him only has 0.717 percent. This shows that this uranium sample has experienced an energy release reaction (fission reaction). The French atomic power agency immediately moved to investigate the cause. The sample was traced to a mine in Oklo, Gabon, Africa. Scientists rush to Oklo. A follow-up study found there were sixteen locations that functioned just like modern nuclear reactors and the ancient reactors were estimated to be 2 billion years old.

The French atomic power body is trying to find its function. And then they got the answer from a 1956 paper made by Paul Kazuo Kuroda, a chemist from the University of Arkansas. Kuroda said that if the number of U235 is enough and there are neutron moderators like groundwater flow, then the natural nuclear reactor can happen. Oklo's mining conditions resemble what Kuroda predicted.

Oklo is the only known location of a natural nuclear reactor worldwide and comprises 16 sites that have experienced nuclear fission reactions "by itself" approximately 1.7 billion years ago, and run for several hundred thousand years, on average 100 kW of thermal power during that time. (more...)

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