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The night of Lailatul Qadar

By Unknown - March 13, 2018

Lailatul Qadar or Lailat Al-Qadar (Arabic: ليلة القدر, night of judgment) is an important night that occurs in Ramadan, which in the Qur'an is described as a better night than a thousand months. And also commemorated as the night of descending the Qur'an. Descriptions of the privileges of this evening can be found in Surat al-Qadar, the 97th letter in the Qur'an.

According to Mr. Quraish Shihab, the word Qadar (قدر) according to its use in the verses of the Qur'an can have three meanings: 

1. Determination and arrangement so that Lailat Al-Qadar is understood as the night of God's determination for the journey of human life. The use of Qadar as a provision can be found in the letter of Ad-Dukhan verses 3-5: Verily We send it down (Al-Quran) one night, and indeed we are warning. On that night all the affairs of wisdom are explained, the great affairs of Us

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In the name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful.

٣  إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةٍ مُبَارَكَةٍ ۚ إِنَّا كُنَّا مُنْذِرِينَ
3. We have revealed it on a Blessed Night-We have warned.

٤  فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ
4. In it is distinguished every wise command.

٥  أَمْرًا مِنْ عِنْدِنَا ۚ إِنَّا كُنَّا مُرْسِلِينَ
5. A decree from Us. We have been sending messages.
QS. Ad-Dukhan verses (44) : 3-5

2. Glory. That night is a glorious night. He is glorious because it was chosen as the night of the fall of the Qur'an. The use of Qadar that refers to glory can be found in Surat al-An'am (6): 91 which speaks of idolaters: They do not glorify God with the proper glory, when they say that Allah has not sent down anything to the people

٩١  وَمَا قَدَرُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ قَدْرِهِ إِذْ قَالُوا مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ بَشَرٍ مِنْ شَيْءٍ ۗ قُلْ مَنْ أَنْزَلَ الْكِتَابَ الَّذِي جَاءَ بِهِ مُوسَىٰ نُورًا وَهُدًى لِلنَّاسِ ۖ تَجْعَلُونَهُ قَرَاطِيسَ تُبْدُونَهَا وَتُخْفُونَ كَثِيرًا ۖ وَعُلِّمْتُمْ مَا لَمْ تَعْلَمُوا أَنْتُمْ وَلَا آبَاؤُكُمْ ۖ قُلِ اللَّهُ ۖ ثُمَّ ذَرْهُمْ فِي خَوْضِهِمْ يَلْعَبُونَ

91. They do not value God as He should be valued, when they say, "God did not reveal anything to any human being." Say, "Who revealed the Scripture which Moses brought a light and guidance for humanity?" You put it on scrolls, displaying them, yet concealing much. And you were taught what you did not know-neither you, nor your ancestors. Say, "God;" then leave them toying away in their speculation.
QS. al-An'am (6): 91

3. Narrow. That night is a narrow night, as many angels descend to the earth, as affirmed in the letter of Al-Qadr. The use of Qadar to symbolize narrowness can be found in the letter of Ar-Ra'd verse 26: God enlarges the desired and narrow sustenance (for His will)

٢٦  اللَّهُ يَبْسُطُ الرِّزْقَ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَيَقْدِرُ ۚ وَفَرِحُوا بِالْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا فِي الْآخِرَةِ إِلَّا مَتَاعٌ
26. God dispenses the provisions to whomever He wills, and restricts. And they delight in the worldly life; yet the worldly life, compared to the Hereafter, is only enjoyment.
QS. Ar-Ra'd (13) verse 26

Lailatul Qadar can also be interpreted as the night of abundance of the virtues promised by God to the Muslims who desire to get a share of the abundance of the virtue. This virtue is based on the value of Lailatul Qadar as a better night than a thousand months.

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